From 2015 to 2019, the average number of fatalities from being in contact with objects and equipment is 739 per year. These are accidents caused by being:
Even though the leading cause of occupational death in 2019 is transportation related (39% out of total), equipment/object-contact fatalities come in third place at 13.72% (US Department of Labor, 2019). One of the reasons someone might get caught in a machine is its unexpected startup during servicing or maintenance. This is a matter of how properly lockout tagout procedures have been implemented.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics has listed the food manufacturing industry as one of the most hazardous industries. In the past two decades, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has made violators from this industry pay a hefty price.
Some of the big food industry companies had been penalized for offenses related to lockout/tagout. BEF Foods Inc. is the most recent one. Here, the left arm of a production worker (39 years old) got caught in a running auger. As a result, she suffered partial amputation and multiple lacerations.
From OSHA’s investigation in September 2020, they found that the company failed to train their workers on lockout/tagout when performing maintenance activities. This same company has already committed the same violations back in 2016. As such, the proposed penalties reached $136,532.
Here’s a list of other violators and how much it cost them:
If your workplace does not yet have LOTO procedures in place, would you wait first for an accident to happen or OSHA itself to actually inspect your facility, whichever comes first?
Much like with other industries, machines used in the food processing industry must be de-energized and their energy sources secured before servicing. Employers must ensure that workers are trained to implement safety procedures to prevent a machine from unexpectedly starting up during servicing and maintenance. And that only the trained, authorized employees perform maintenance or service on machinery.
Part of a successful LOTO program involves clear visual indicators that can help workers identify secured energy sources. TRADESAFE Safety Padlocks come in six color choices: red, blue, green, orange, purple, and yellow. All employees in your maintenance team should have color-coded sets of locks with matching keys. Color coding can help workers retrieve their locks and identify which teams are currently servicing a piece of equipment.
Depending on what your workplace needs, these padlocks can be keyed alike or keyed differently. Moreover, TRADESAFE offers specific lockout devices for circuit breakers, gate valves, group lockout solutions, and more.
Whether or not your company belongs to the food processing industry, you can take advantage of a free LOTO training course offered by the National Grain and Feed Association (NGFA). This tackles LOTO safety procedures you can adapt in your workplace. This course emphasizes the importance of having an energy control program which must consist of:
For workers to better visualize how they are supposed to do lockout tagout, include illustrated samples in your energy control procedure. Here are some examples from the NGFA course:
All in all, lockout tagout and workplace safety must be a conscious initiative from the top management and should be streamlined in the company. More than the money lost from noncompliance, it’s protecting lives that must be set as top priority for implementing lockout tagout.
National Grain and Feed Association. (n.d.).Lockout-Tagout for the Grain, Feed, and Processing Industry.Retrieved: 22 Nov 2021 from https://imis.ngfa.org/members/Training/Articulate_Modules/Lock_Out_Tag_Out/Lock_Out_Tag_Out.aspx
Occupational Health & Safety Magazine. (2021).Failure to Implement Lockout/Tagout Leads to Partial Amputation, Fine at Food Facility.Retrieved: 21 Nov 2021 from https://ohsonline.com/articles/2021/03/04/failure-to-implement-lockout-tagout-leads-to-partial-amputation-fine-at-food-facility.aspx
US Department of Labor. (2019).Bureau of Labor Statistics: National Census of Fatal Injuries in 2019. Retrieved: 21 Nov 2021 from https://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/cfoi.pdf
US Department of Labor. (2021).OSHA cites BEF Foods Inc.'s Lima facility after production
worker suffers partial arm amputation from cleaning auger. Retrieved: 21 Nov 2021 from https://www.osha.gov/news/newsreleases/region5/03032021